Research facilities include a sediment dynamics laboratory, high-pressure geophysics laboratory, cosmogenic trace element analysis laboratory and a morphometrics laboratory for paleontology. Additionally, we have laboratories focused on more general purposes, including environmental trace metals and soil properties analysis. Instrumentation in the Department includes an ion-coupled plasma spectrometer, an isotope-ratio mass spectrometer, a graphite furnace high-resolution atomic absorption spectrometer, a gamma spectrometer, a specific surface area analyzer, particle size analyzers, a thermogravimetric analysis system, an ion chromatograph, a gas chromatograph, X-ray fluorescence spectrometer and an X-ray diffractometer. The Department also has morphometric and image-analysis systems and a state-of-the-art computer cluster for large numerical simulations and parallel processing. TEMs and SEMs, including a JEOL high-resolution SEM, a scanning Auger multiprobe, as well as many other instruments are available at collaborating Departments and laboratories: access to virtually any facility or instrument can be arranged within the larger Penn community, or at collaborating institutions.